100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

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100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

100 Facts Volcanoes – Bitesized Facts & Awesome Images to Support KS2 Learning

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These geographical wonders come in various shapes and sizes, but there are two main types – composite volcanoes, which are cone-shaped with steep slopes, and shield volcanoes, which are wide with gentle slopes. The islands are above a volcanic hotspot - a place under the Earth’s crust that’s really, really hot. Following the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines, cooler than normal temperatures were recorded worldwide and brilliant sunsets and sunrises were attributed to this eruption that sent fine ash and gases high into the stratosphere, forming a large volcanic cloud that drifted around the world. Twinkl has created a huge range for you to choose from to help children understand how volcanoes are formed, the different types of volcanoes and examples of volcanoes from around the world. It became the second-largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century next to Alaska’s Novarupta that erupted in 1912.

To a normal person, the most common observation of a volcano is of a “pyramidal mountain,” scattering lava and harmful gases from its crater at the summit. Once again, the resource is differentiated so you can make sure every child receives the right amount of challenge.On the other hand, the Parícutin volcano grew suddenly from the cornfield of local farmer Dionisio Pulido in 1943, bringing numerous scientific attention.

Sideways directed volcanic explosions, known as lateral blasts, can shoot large pieces of rock at very high speeds for several miles. The denser oceanic plate is forced under the lighter continental plate and this friction causes the oceanic plate to melt. Facts Volcanoes is bursting with awesome facts, mind-blowing images and fun activities about these fiery forces of nature.A volcanic eruption can send ash high into the air, sometimes over 17 miles above the Earth’s surface. Sometimes beginning with an accumulation of gas-rich magma (molten underground rock) in reservoirs near Earth’s surface, they can be preceded by emissions of steam and gas from small vents in the ground.

If we take eruptions in the last 10 000 years there are probably 1500 volcanoes in the world which have erupted. After cooling, liquid magma may form crystals of various minerals until it becomes completely solid and forms an igneous or magmatic rock. In addition, the minerals and metals deposited during volcanic eruptions can be mined, providing valuable resources for human use. Out of these 1,500 volcanoes, about 500 of them have previously erupted and many are located along the Pacific Rime, which is also known as the Ring of Fire (some people place this figure closer to 600).Active volcanoes experience regular activity, dormant means there hasn’t been recent activity but it may still erupt, and extinct indicates that the volcano is inactive and it is highly unlikely to ever erupt again. Iceland provides fine examples of volcanic plateaus, while the seafloor around Iceland provides excellent examples of submarine volcanic structures. The majority of the Earth's volcanoes are located along tectonic plates because, when tectonic plates collide, one tectonic plate will slide and move under another one, forming a volcano.

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